Abstract. Objectives: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of real-time PCR (Xpert Carba-R) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (Eazyplex® SuperBug CRE) for detecting carbapenemase carriage in Enterobacteriaceae directly from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL).
Negative BAL samples were spiked with 21 well-characterized carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae strains to a final concentration of 102–104 cfu/mL. Xpert Carba-R (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA), which detects five targets (blaKPC, blaNDM, blaVIM, blaOXA-48 and blaIMP-1), and the Eazyplex® SuperBug CRE system (Amplex-Diagnostics GmbH, Germany), which detects seven genes (blaKPC, blaNDM, blaVIM, blaOXA-48, blaOXA-181, blaCTXM-1 and blaCTXM-9), were evaluated for the detection of these genes directly from BAL samples.
Xpert Carba-R showed 100% agreement with carbapenemase characterization by PCR and sequencing for all final bacteria concentrations. Eazyplex® SuperBug CRE showed 100%, 80% and 27% agreement with PCR and sequencing when testing 104, 103 and 102 cfu/mL, respectively. False negative results for Eazyplex® SuperBug CRE matched the highest cycle threshold values for Xpert Carba-R. Hands-on time for both assays was about 15 min, but Eazyplex® SuperBug CRE results were available within 30 min, whereas Xpert Carba-R took around 50 min.
We here describe the successful use of two commercial diagnostic tests, Xpert Carba-R and Eazyplex® SuperBug CRE, to detect bacterial carbapenem resistance genes directly in lower respiratory tract samples. Our results could be used as proof-of-concept data for validation of these tests for this indication.
Phase II, open label REJUVENATE study of the pharmacokinetics and safety of aztreonam avibactam plus metronidazole in hospitalised adults with complicated intra abdominal infection
Pharmacokinetics and safety of aztreonam/avibactam for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections in hospitalized adults: results from the REJUVENATE study